IndianEra > Editor's pick > Nobel Prize: A Snapshot of 2019 Awards, Laureates & Past Records

It’s the praising time!

The Nobel Prize Winners 2019 have officially been announced after a week-long scrutiny from October 07-14, 2019.

As everytime, the Nobel Prize Announcements 2019 has different experts from diverse fields under different categories such as Physiology or Medicine, Literature, Physics, Chemistry, Peace and the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in memory of Alfred Nobel.

As everytime, the 2019 Nobel Prize Awardees made landmark achievements in their respective fields. But there was a special buzz around the Nobel Peace Prize 2019 and Nobel Prize for Economics 2019.

Nobel Prize Winners 2019

Nobel Peace Prize 2019

S.No Prize Awardee Achievement
1 Nobel Prize in Physics James Peebles For theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology
2 Nobel Prize in Physics i. Michel Mayor
ii. Didier Queloz
For the discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star
3 Nobel Prize in Chemistry i. John B. Goodenough
ii. M. Stanley Whittingham
iii. Akira Yoshino
For the development of lithium-ion batteries
4 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine i. William G. Kaelin Jr
ii. Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe
iii. Gregg L. Semenza
For their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability
5 Nobel Prize in Literature Peter Handke For an influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience
6 Nobel Peace Prize 2019 Abiy Ahmed For his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighboring Eritrea
7 The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2019
Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences
i. Abhijit Banerjee
ii. Esther Duflo
iii. Michael Kremer
For their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty

Buzz Around Nobel Peace Prize 2019

A 16-year-old Greta Thunberg of Sweden threw a tough competition to the Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiya Ahmed for the 100th Nobel Peace Prize or Nobel Peace Prize 2019.

Greta was reportedly the first choice among the 301 candidates who applied for this year’s award- including 223 individuals and 78 organizations.

Around, 96 percent of bets for this year’s award was on Greta alone, and she would have been the youngest-ever Nobel recipient after Malala, if selected.

Brazilian indigenous chief Raoni Metuktire and New Zealand PM Jacinda Ardern were among other popular choices for the award.

However, the selectors finally chose Abiy Ahmed for his relentless efforts in facilitating peace by ending his country’s conflict with Eritrea.

Nobel Prize in Economics 2019 for ‘Work on Poverty’

Nobel Prize in Economics 2019 for ‘Work on Poverty’

MIT economists Esther Duflo & (Indian) Abhijit Banerjee and Harvard economist Michael Kremer have been announced as the Nobel Prize Laureates in Economics 2019.

The trio were recognized for their relentless fight against global poverty and helping millions of children.

Their work has been widely appreciated for going beyond theory and laying path for alleviating poverty by way of simple methods in areas of education and healthcare, and on-field applications.

Their works majorly included helping millions of schoolchildren with remedial tutoring practices and encouraging governments to raise funding for preventative medicine.

“It’s a prize not just for us but for the whole movement,” Banerjee said in a statement.

“It starts from the idea that the poor are often reduced to caricatures and even the people that try to help them do not actually understand what are the deep roots of (their) problems. What we try to do in our approach is to say, ‘Look, let’s try to unpack the problems one-by-one and address them as rigorously and scientifically as possible’,” reads a statement by Duflo.

Nobel Prizes (1901-2019)
S.No Category Prizes & Laureates
1 Nobel Prize in Physics 113 prizes awarded to 213 laureates
2 Nobel Prize in Chemistry 111 prizes awarded to 184 laureates
3 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 110 prizes awarded to 219 laureates
4 Nobel Prize in Literature 112 prizes awarded to 116 laureates
5 Nobel Peace Prize 100 prizes awarded to 134 laureates
6 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences 51 prizes awarded to 84 laureates

Youngest Nobel Laureates Till Date

S.No Category Name Year of Award Age of Nobel Laureate
1 Physics William Lawrence Bragg 1915 25
2 Chemistry Frédéric Joliot 1935 35
3 Physiology or Medicine Frederick Banting 1923 32
4 Literature Rudyard Kipling 1907 41
5 Peace Malala Yousafzai 2014 17
6 Economic Sciences Esther Duflo 2019 46

Featured Laureates till Date

S.No Nobel Laureate Nobel Prize Achievement
1 Malala Yousafzai Nobel Peace Prize 2014 For their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education
2 Martin Luther King Jr. The Nobel Peace Prize 1964
3 Karl Landsteiner For his discovery of human blood groups/td>
4 Albert Einstein Nobel Prize in Physics 1921 For his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect
5 Rabindranath Tagore Nobel Prize in Literature 1913 Because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West
6 Marie Curie, née Sklodowska The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1911

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1903

In recognition of her services to the advancement of chemistry by the discovery of the elements: radium and polonium, by the isolation of radium and the study of the nature and compounds of this remarkable element.

In recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel.

Overall, a total of 597 Nobel Prizes have been given to 950 Nobel Laureates, with 350 awards to ‘single laureates’ and 141 awards ‘shared by two laureates’ and 106 awards shared by ‘three laureates. Women have been chosen for the award for 53 times between 1901 and 2019.

To everyone’s surprise, immigrants account for 38 percent of the Nobel Prizes accorded to the United States in the fields of Chemistry, Medicine and Physics since 2000 and around 35 percent since 1901.

What Nobel Laureates Get?

Nobel Prize Diploma: Each diploma has its unique style of art, special designs and different material, made by leading Swedish and Norwegian artists and calligraphers.

Nobel Prize Medal: A gold medal with the photo of Alfred Nobel imprinted on the front side, while the backside depicts something related to the institution giving the prize.

Nobel Prize Money: As of current policies, A Nobel Laurette will get SEK 9 million for full Nobel Prize. While a Nobel Prize can be awarded to up to three Laureates, the three will share the prize sum in such case.

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Posted by IndianEra, 15/10/2019